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The Muses Clio, Euterpe, and Thalia, by Eustache Le Sueur
In Greek mythology, Aoide (Ἀοιδή or in Latin Aoede) was one of the three original Boeotian Muses, though there were later nine. Aoide's sisters were Melete and Mneme. Aoide was the muse of song. According to Greek mythology, Aoide is the daughter of Zeus, the King of the Gods, and Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory. Aoide lends her name to the moon Jupiter XLI, also called Aoede, which orbits the planet Jupiter.

Glorious Aiode: Queen of Songs, Hymns and Chants, who is beside us as we sing to the outside, let my words flow with sweetness and bitterness of equal measure! To you will I sing, and your song is to become my song! Teach me to speak with a tongue that even Gods and Spirits, Daemons and the Dead Understand! Teach me to sing, Goddess, so that I might sing your songs!

3 Boeotian Muses

"Originally three were worshipped on Mount Helicon in Boeotia". According to Pausanias in the later 2nd century AD, there were three original Muses: Aoidē ("song" or "voice"), Meletē ("practice" or "occasion"), and Mnēmē ("memory"). Together, these three form the complete picture of the preconditions of poetic art in cult practice.

Nētē, Mesē & Hypatē

In Delphi three Muses were worshipped as well, but with other names: Nētē, Mesē, and Hypatē, which are the names of the three chords of the ancient musical instrument, the lyre.

In Greek mythology, Nete (Νήτη) was one of the three Muses of the lyre that were worshipped at Delphi, where the Temple of Apollo and the Oracle were located. Nete's name was also the lowest of the seven notes of the lyre. Nete's sisters whom were worshipped along with her were Hypate and Mese. These three muses were comparable to the original three muses: Aoide, Melete, and Mneme.

Cēphisso (or Kephiso (Κηφισώ)), Apollonis & Borystheni

Alternatively the three muses were called Cēphisso (or Kephiso (Κηφισώ)), Apollonis, and Borysthenis, who were daughters of Apollo.

Thelxinoē, Aoedē, Archē, and Meletē

In later tradition, four Muses were recognized: Thelxinoē, Aoedē, Archē, and Meletē, said to be daughters of Zeus and Plusia (or of Uranus).

Also a Jupiter moon: Aoede

 

Foreign Language Translations

en:Aoide
ca:Aedea
de:Aoide
el:Αοιδή (μυθολογία)

es:Aedea
eu:Aedea
fr:Aédé
it:Aede (mitologia)

la:Aoede (Musa)
lt:Aoidė
nl:Aeode ja:アオイデー
nds:Aoede (Mythologie)

pl:Aoede
sv:Aoid

 

 

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About the Ancient Muses | 3 Boeotian Muses | Aoide | Melete | Mneme

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